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(Bold font indicates the members of Lu lab)


Maximizing carbon sequestration potential in Chinese forests through optimal management

Yu Z, S. Liu, H. Li, J. Liang, W. Liu, S. Piao, H. Tian, G. Zhou, C. Lu, W. You, P. Sun, Y. Dong, S. Sitch, E. Agathokleous. Nature Communications 15, 3154.

Net greenhouse gas balance in US croplands: How can soils be part of the climate solution?

Y You, H Tian, S Pan, H Shi, C Lu, WD Batchelor, B Cheng, D Hui, D Kicklighter, X-Z Liang, X Li, J Melillo, N Pan, S Prior, J Reilly. Global Change Biology


AgBIS: A Blockchain-enabled Crop Insurance Platform Against Adverse Selection, Moral Hazard, and Insurance Frauds

Z Liao, C Lu, MM Wright, H Feng, Y Guan
2023 IEEE International Conference on Blockchain (Blockchain), DOI: 10.1109/Blockchain60715.2023.00024

China’s forestation on marginal land was less efficient in carbon sequestration compared with non-marginal land

Yu Z, Y Dong, C Lu, E Agathokleous, L Zhang, S Liu, G Zhou. One Earth, 6(12), pp.1692-1702. DOI:

Riverine nitrogen footprint of agriculture in the Mississippi-Atchafalaya River Basin: Do we trade water quality for crop production?

C Lu, J Zhang, B Yi, I Calderon, H Feng, R Miao, DA Hennessy, S Pan, H Tian. Environmental Research Letters, DOI 10.1088/1748-9326/ad0128

Annual time-series 1-km maps of crop area and types in the conterminous US (CropAT-US): Cropping diversity changes during 1850–2021

Ye S, Cao P, Lu C. Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss.,

Soil legacy nutrients contribute to the decreasing stoichiometric ratio of N and P loading from the Mississippi River Basin.

Bian Z, Tian H, Pan S, Shi H, Lu C, Anderson C, Cai WJ, Hopkinson CS, Justic D, Kalin L, Lohrenz S, McNulty S, Pan N, Sun G, Wang Z, Yao Y, You Y. Global Change Biology.

Domain-Aware Scalable Distributed Training for Geo-Spatiotemporal Data

A Sarkar, J Zhang, C Lu, A Jannesari. 2023 IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium Workshops (IPDPSW), pp. 960-969.

Improving model capability in simulating spatiotemporal variations and flow contributions of nitrate export in tile-drained catchments

Cao, P., C. Lu, W. Crumpton, M. Helmers, D. Green, G. Stenback. Water Research,

Resolving the influence of lignin on soil organic matter decomposition with mechanistic models and continental-scale data.

Yi, B., C Lu, W Huang, W Yu, J Yang, A Howe, SR Weintraub-Leff, SJ Hall. Global Change Biology,

Contrasting geochemical and fungal controls on decomposition of lignin and soil carbon at continental scale

Huang, W., Yu, W., Yi, B., Raman, E., Yang, J., Hammel, K.E., Timokhin, V.I., Lu, C., Howe, A., Weintraub-Leff, S.R. and Hall, Nature Communications, 14(1), p.2227,

Four-century history of land transformation by humans in the United States (1630–2020): annual and 1 km grid data for the HIStory of LAND changes (HISLAND-US)

X Li, H Tian, C Lu, S Pan. Earth System Science Data 15 (2), 1005-1035


The Tillage Input: Technical Change, Markets, and Policy

Hennessy, D., C. Lu, S. Swinton, and B.V. Deynze. Agricultural Policy Review. Center for Agricultural and Rural Development, Iowa State University. Available at

History of anthropogenic Nitrogen inputs (HaNi) to the terrestrial biosphere: a 5 arcmin resolution annual dataset from 1860 to 2019

Tian, H., Bian, Z., Shi, H., Qin, X., Pan, N., Lu, C., Pan, S., Tubiello, F.N., Chang, J., Conchedda, G. and Liu, J, et al. Earth System Science Data, 14, 4551–4568,

Forest expansion dominates China’s land carbon sink since 1980

Yu, Z., Ciais, P., Piao, S. Houghton, R., Lu, C., Tian, H., Agathokleous, E., Kattel, GR., Sitch, S., Goll, D., Yue, X., Walker, A., Friedlingstein, P., Jain, A., Liu, S., Zhou, G. Nature Communications, 13, 5374.

Building social resilience in North Korea can mitigate the impacts of climate change on food security

Shi, Y., Zhang, Y., Wu, B., Wang, B., Li, L., Shi, H., Jin, N., Liu, D.L., Miao, R., Lu, X., Geng, Q., Lu, C., Liang, H., Fang, N., Yue, C., He, J., Feng, H., Pan, S., Tian, H., Yu, Q. Nature Food, 3, 499–511.


Incorporating dynamic crop growth processes and management practices into a terrestrial biosphere model for simulating crop production in the United States: Toward a unified modeling framework

You, Y., Tian, H., Pan, S., Shi, H., Bian, Z., Gurgel, A., Huang, Y., Kicklighter, D., Liang, X.Z., Lu, C., Melillo, J., Miao, R., Pan, N., Reily, J., Ren, W., Xu, R., Yang, J., Yu, Q., Zhang, J. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology,

Emerging weed resistance increases tillage intensity and greenhouse gas emissions in the US corn–soybean cropping system

Lu, C., Yu, Z., Hennessy, D., Feng, H., Tian, H., Hui, D. Nature Food, SharedIt Link:

Heavy Precipitation Impacts on Nitrogen Loading to the Gulf of Mexico in the 21st Century: Model projections under future climate scenarios

Zhang, J., Lu, C., Crumpton, W. Jones, C., Tian, H., Villarini, G., Schilling, K., Green, D. Earth's Future

Process-based Agroecosystem Models for Predicting Carbon and Greenhouse Gas Dynamics.

Lu, C. S. Archontoulis, J. Jordahl, R. Magala, F. Miguez, L. Schulte Moore, A. VanLoocke, B. Yi, J. Zhang. in Schulte Moore L, Jordahl J, editors. Carbon Science for Carbon Markets: Emerging Opportunities in Iowa. CROP 3175. Iowa State University Extension and Outreach, Ames, Iowa

Century-long changes and drivers of soil nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions across the contiguous United States

Lu, C., Yu, Z., Zhang, J., Cao, P., Tian, H., and Nevison, C. Global Change Biology,


Half‐Century History of Crop Nitrogen Budget in the Conterminous United States: Variations Over Time, Space and Crop Types

Zhang, J., Cao, P. and Lu, C., Global Biogeochemical Cycles,

Extreme climate increased crop nitrogen surplus in the United States 

Zhang, J., Lu, C., Feng, H., Hennessy, D., Guan, Y. and Wright, M.M., Agricultural and Forest Meteorology,

Quantification of global and national nitrogen budgets for crop production

Zhang, X., Zou, T., Lassaletta, L., Mueller, N.D., Tubiello, F.N., Lisk, M.D., Lu, C., Conant, R.T., Dorich, C.D., Gerber, J. Tian, H., and 16 others.

Nature Food,

Transfer Learning Approaches for Knowledge Discovery in Grid-based Geo-Spatiotemporal Data

Sarkar, A., Zhang, J., Lu, C. and Jannesari, A., arXiv:2110.00841,


Northwestward Cropland Expansion and Growing Urea-Based Fertilizer Use Enhanced NH3 Emission Loss in the Contiguous United States

Cao, P., C. Lu, J. Zhang, and A. Khadilkar. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

Increased extreme precipitation challenges nitrogen load management to the Gulf of Mexico

Lu, C, J. Zhang, H. Tian, W. Crumpton, M. Helmers, W. Cai, C. Hopkinson, S. Lohrenz. Communications Earth & Environment

Integration of remote sensing, county-level census, and machine learning for century-long regional cropland distribution data reconstruction

J Yang, B Tao, H Shi, Y Ouyang, S Pan, W Ren, C Lu. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 91, 102151.

Long‐term trajectory of nitrogen loading and delivery from Mississippi River basin to the Gulf of Mexico.

Tian, H., R. Xu, S. Pan, Y. Yao, Z. Bian, W.‐J. Cai, C.S. Hopkinson, D. Justic, S. Lohrenz, C. Lu, W. Ren, J. Yang. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 34, e2019GB006475.


Impacts of tillage practices on soil carbon stocks in the US corn-soybean cropping system during 1998 to 2016

Z. Yu, C. Lu, D.A. Hennessy, H. Feng, H. Tian. Environmental Research Letters

Are we getting better in using nitrogen? — Variations in nitrogen use efficiency of two cereal crops across the United States

C. Lu, J. Zhang, P. Cao, J. L. Hatfield. Earth’s Future DOI: 10.1029/2019EF001155

Largely underestimated carbon emission from land use and land cover change in the conterminous US

Z. Yu, C. Lu, H. Tian, J.G. Canadell. Global Change Biology DOI:10.1111/gcb.14768

A dataset of 30-meter annual vegetation phenology indicators (1985–2015) in urban areas of the conterminous United States

X Li, Y Zhou, L Meng, GR Asrar, C Lu, Q Wu. Earth System Science Data

​Severe long-lasting drought accelerated carbon depletion in the Mongolian Plateau

C. Lu, H. Tian, J. Zhang, Z. Yu, S. Pan, S. Dangal, B. Zhang, J. Yang, N. Pederson, A. Hessl. Geophysical Research Letters doi: 10.1029/2018GL081418


Increasing carbon footprint of grain crop production in the US Western Corn Belt

C. Lu, Z. Yu, H. Tian, D. Hennessy, H. Feng, M. Al-Kaisi, Y. Zhou, T. Sauer, R. Arritt. Environmental Research Letters 13: 124007.


Global soil N2O emissions since the pre-industrial era estimated by an ensemble of Terrestrial Biosphere Models: Magnitude, attribution and uncertainty.

Tian, H., J. Yang, R. Xu, C. Lu, J. Canadell, E. Davidson, R. Jackson, A. Arneth, J. Chang, P. Ciais. S. Gerber, A. Ito, F. Joos, S. Lienert, P. Messina, S. Olin, S. Pan, C. Peng, E. Saikawa, R. Thompson, N. Vuichard, W. Winiwarter, S. Zaehle, and B. Zhang. Global Change Biology.

Optimizing resource use efficiencies in the food–energy–water nexus for sustainable agriculture: from conceptual model to decision support system

H. Tian, C. Lu, S. Pan, J. Yang, R. Miao, W. Ren, Q. Yu, B. Fu, F. Jin, Y. Lu, J. Melillo, Z. Ouyang, C. Palm, J. Reilly. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 2018, 33:104–113

Historical nitrogen fertilizer use in agricultural ecosystems of the contiguous United States during 1850–2015: application rate, timing, and fertilizer types

P. Cao, C. Lu, and Z. Yu. Earth System Science Data, 10, 969-984, 2018

The global N2O Model Intercomparison Project (NMIP): objectives, simulation protocol and expected products.

H. Tian, J. Yang, C. Lu, R. Xu, J. Canadell, R. Jackson, A. Arneth, and 18 others. Bulletin of American Meteorological Society

Long-term terrestrial carbon dynamics in the Midwestern United States during 1850-2015: Roles of land cover and land use change and agricultural management.

Z. Yu, C. Lu, P. Cao, H. Tian. Global Change Biology


Integrating Herbivore Population Dynamics into a Global Land Biosphere Model: Plugging Animals into the Earth System

S Dangal, H Tian, C Lu, W Ren, S Pan, J Yang, N Di Cosmo, A Hessl. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, DOI: 10.1002/2016MS000904.

Earlier leaf-flushing suppressed ecosystem productivity by draining soil water in the Mongolian Plateau

Z Yu, C Lu, P Cao, H Tian, A Hessl, N Pederson. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology,

Historical cropland expansion and abandonment in the continental U.S. during 1850 to 2016

Z Yu, C Lu. Global Ecology and Biogeography, DOI: 10.1111/geb.12697


Methane emissions from global wetlands: An assessment of the uncertainty associated with various wetland extent data sets

B Zhang, H Tian, C Lu, G Chen, S Pan, C Anderson, B Poulter. Atmospheric Environment, 165: 310-321


Methane emission from the global livestock sector during 1890-2014: magnitude, trends and spatio-temporal patterns.  

Dangal, S.R.S., H. Tian, B. Zhang, S. Pan, C. Lu, and J. Yang. Global Change Biology, 23: 4147—4161.


Global manure nitrogen production and application in cropland during 1860—2014: a 5-arcmin gridded global dataset for Earth system modeling.

Zhang, B., H. Tian, C. Lu, S. R. S. Dangal, J. Yang, and S. Pan. Earth System Science Data, 9: 667-678. 


Global nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer use for agriculture production in the past half century: Shifted hot spots and nutrient imbalance.

Lu, C., H, Tian. Earth System Science Data, 9, 181-192, doi:10.5194/essd-9-181-2017.


Understanding the global land carbon sink: Beyond climate and CO2 sensitivity.

Huntzinger, D., A. Michalak, C. Schwalm, P. Ciais, A. King, Y. Fang, K. Schefer, Y. Wei, R. Cook, J. Fisher, D. Hayes, M. Huang, A. Ito, A. Jain, H. Lei, C. Lu, F. Maignam, J. Mao, N. Parazoo, S. Peng, B. Poulter, D. Ricciuto, X. Shi, H. Tian, W. Wang, N. Zeng, and F. Zhao. Scientific Reports, 7:4765, doi:10.1038/s41598-017-03818-2.


Global land carbon sink response to temperature and precipitation varies with ENSO phase.

Fang, Y., A. A. Michalak, C. Schwalm, D. Huntzinger, J. Berry, P. Ciais, S. Piao, B. Poulter, J. Fisher, R. Cook, D. Hayes, M. Huang, A. Ito, A. Jain, H. Lei, C. Lu, J. Mao, N. Parazoo, S. Peng, D. Ricciuto, X. Shi, B. Tao, H. Tian, W. Wang, Y. Wei, and J. Yang. Environmental Research Letters, 12(6), [064007]. doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/aa6e8e. 


Global gross primary productivity and water use efficiency changes under drought stress.

Yu, Z., J. Wang, S. Liu, J.S. Rentch, P. Sun, and C. Lu. Environmental Research Letters, 12(1), p.014016. 


Preindustrial nitrous oxide emissions from the land biosphere estimated by using a global biogeochemistry model.

Xu, R., H. Tian, C. Lu, S. Pan, J. Chen, J. Yang, and B. Zhang. Climate of the Past, 13(7), p.977-990. 


Methane emissions from global rice fields: Magnitude, spatiotemporal patterns, and environmental controls.

Zhang, B., H. Tian, W. Ren, B. Tao, C. Lu, J. Yang, K. Banger, and S. Pan. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 30, 1246—1263,


The terrestrial biosphere as a net source of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere.

Tian, H., C. Lu, P. Ciais, A.M. Michalak, J.G. Canadell, E. Saikawa, D.N. Huntzinger, K. Gurney, S. Sitch, B. Zhang, J. Yang, P. Bousquet, L. Bruhwiler, G. Chen, E. Dlugokencky, P. Friedlingstein, J. Melillo, S. Pan, B. Poulter, R. Prinn, M. Saunois, C.R. Schwalm, and S.C. Wofsy. Nature 531, 225–228.


Synergistic effects of climate change and grazing on net primary production of Mongolian grasslands.

Dangal, S. R. S., H. Tian, C. Lu, S. Pan, N. Pederson and A. Hessl. Ecosphere 7(5): e01274.


Decadal trends in the seasonal-cycle amplitude of terrestrial CO2 exchange resulting from the ensemble of terrestrial biosphere models.

Ito, A., M. Inatomi, D.N. Huntzinger, C. Schwalm, A.M. Michalak, R. Cook, A.W. King, J. Mao, Y. Wei, W. Post, W. Wang, MA. Arain, M. Huang, H. Lei, H. Tian, C. Lu, J. Yang, B. Tao, A. Jain, B. Poulter, S. Peng, P. Ciais, J.B. Fisher, N. Parazoo, and K. Schaefer. Tellus B, 68, 28968,


Global patterns and controls of soil organic carbon dynamics as simulated by multiple terrestrial biosphere models: Current status and future directions.

Tian. H, C. Lu, J. Yang, K. banger, D.N. Huntzinger, C.R. Schwalm, A.M. Michalak, and MsTMIP modeling group. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 29, doi: 10.1002/2014GB005021.


Increased nitrogen export from eastern North America to the Atlantic Ocean due to climatic and anthropogenic changes during 1901–2008.

Yang, Q., H. Tian, M. A. M. Friedrichs, C. S. Hopkinson, C. Lu, and R. G. Najjar. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeoscience 120, 1046-1068, doi: 10.1002/2014JG002763


Spatiotemporal patterns of evapotranspiration along the North American east coast as influenced by multiple environmental changes.

Yang, Q., H. Tian, X. Li, B. Tao, W. Ren, G. Chen, C. Lu, J. Yang, S. Pan, K. Banger, and B. Zhang. Ecohydrology, 8(4), 714-725.


Global methane and nitrous oxide emissions from terrestrial ecosystems due to multiple environmental changes.

Tian, H., G. Chen, C. Lu, X. Xu, W. Ren, B. Zhang, K. Banger, B. Tao, S. Pan, M. Liu, C. Zhang, L. Bruhwiler, and S. Wofsy. Ecosystem Health and Sustainability.


North American terrestrial CO2 uptake largely offset by CH4 and N2O emissions: toward a full accounting of the greenhouse gas budget.

Tian H., G. Chen, C. Lu, X. Xu, D.J. Hayes, W. Ren, S. Pan, D.N. Huntzinger, and S.C. Wofsy. Climatic Change, 129 (3-4), 413-426


Biosphere—atmosphere exchange of methane in India as influenced by multiple environmental changes during 1901-2010.

Banger, K., H. Tian, B. Zhang, C. Lu, W. Ren, and B. Tao. Atmospheric Environment, 119, 192-200

Magnitude, Spatiotemporal Patterns, and Controls for Soil Organic Carbon Stocks in India during 1901-2010.

Banger, K., H. Tian, B. Tao, C. Lu, W. Ren, and J. Yang. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 79 (2), 864-875


Disentangling climatic and anthropogenic controls on global terrestrial evapotranspiration trends.

Mao, J., W. Fu, X. Shi, D.M. Ricciuto, J.B. Fisher, R.E. Dickinson, Y. Wei, W. Shem, S. Piao, K. Wang, C.R. Schwalm, H. Tian, M. Mu, A. Arain, P. Ciais, R. Cook, Y. Dai, D. Hayes, F. M. Hoffman, M. Huang, S. Huang, D.N. Huntzinger, A. Ito, A. Jain, A.W. King, H. Lei, C. Lu, A.M. Michalak, N. Parazoo, C. Peng, S. Peng, B. Poulter, and 9 others. Environmental Research Letters, 10(9), 094008.


Toward “optimal” integration of terrestrial biosphere models.

Schwalm, C. R., D. N. Huntzinger, J. B. Fisher, A. M. Michalak, K. Bowman, P. Ciais, R. Cook, B. El-Masri, D. Hayes, M. Huang, A. Ito, A. Jain, A. W. King, H. Lei, J. Liu, C. Lu, J. Mao, S. Peng, B. Poulter, D. Ricciuto, K. Schaefer, X. Shi, B. Tao, H. Tian, W. Wang, Y. Wei, J. Yang, and N. Zeng. Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 4418-4428. doi: 10.1002/2015GL064002


Net primary production of major plant functional types in China: Vegetation classification and ecosystem simulation.

Pan, S., H. Tian, C. Lu, S. R. Dangal, and M. Liu. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 35(2), 28-36


Impacts of climate variability and extremes on global net primary production in the first decade of the 21st century.

Pan, S., H. Tian, S. Dangal, Z. Ouyang, C. Lu, J. Yang, W. Ren, B. Tao, K. Banger, Q. Yang, and C. Zhang. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 25(9), 1027-1044


Climate extremes dominating seasonal and inter-annual variations in carbon export from the Mississippi River Basin.

Tian, H., W. Ren, J. Yang, B. Tao, W.-J. Cai, S. E. Lohrenz, C. S. Hopkinson, M. Liu, Q. Yang, C. Lu, B. Zhang, K. Banger, S. Pan, R. He, and Z. Xue. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 29, 1333-1347, doi: 10.1002/2014GB005068


Century-scale patterns and trends of global pyrogenic carbon emissions and fire influences on terrestrial carbon balance

Yang, J., H. Tian, B. Tao, W. Ren, C. Lu, S. Pan, Y. Wang, and Y. Liu. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 29, 1549—1566, doi: 10.1002/2015GB005160


Responses of global terrestrial evapotranspiration to climate change and increasing atmospheric CO2 in the 21st century.

Pan, S., H. Tian, S. Dangal, Q. Yang, J. Yang, C. Lu, B. Tao, W. Ren, and Z. Ouyang. Earth’s Future, 3: 15—35, doi: 10.1002/2014EF000263


Half-century nitrogen deposition increase across China: A gridded time-series data set for regional environmental assessments.

Lu, C., H. Tian. Atmospheric Environment 97, 68074 DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.07.061

Reply to “Comments on ‘Half-century nitrogen deposition increase across China: A gridded time-series dataset for regional environmental assessments'"

Lu, C., H. Tian. Atmospherics Environment 101, 352-353. doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.11.032


Climate and land use controls on soil organic carbon in the Loess Plateau, China.

Dang, Y., H. Tian, W. Ren, B.Tao, G. Chen, and C. Lu. PLOS ONE, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0095548


The North American Carbon Program Multi-Scale Synthesis and Terrestrial Model Intercomparison Project: Part 2 - Environmental Driver Data.

Wei, Y., S. Liu, W. M. Post, N. Viovy, C. Schwalm, K. Schaefer, A. Jaobson, C. Lu, R.B. Cook, A.M. Michalak, D.M. Ricciuto, and D. Huntzinger. Geoscientific Model Development, 7, 2875-2893, doi:105194/gmd-7-2875-2014.


Impact of large-scale climate extremes on biospheric carbon fluxes: An intercomparison based on MsTMIP data.

Zscheischler, J., A.M. Michalak, C. Schwalm, M.D. Mahecha, D.N. Huntzinger, M. Reichstein, G. Berthier, P. Ciais, R.B. Cook, B.El-masri, M. Huang, A. Ito, A. Jain, A. King, H.Lei, C.Lu, J. Mao, S. Peng, B. Poulter, D. Ricciuto, X. Shi, B. Tao, H. Tian, N. Viovy, W. Wang, Y. Wei, J. Yang, and N. Zeng. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, doi: 10.1002/2014GB004826


Modeling and monitoring terrestrial primary production in a changing global environment: Toward a multi-scale synthesis of observation and simulation.

Pan, S., H. Tian, S. Dangal, Z. Ouyang, B. Tao, W. Ren, C. Lu, and S.W. Running. Advances in Meteorology.


Complex spatiotemporal responses of global terrestrial primary production to climate change and increasing atmospheric CO2 in the 21st century.

Pan, S., H. Tian, S. Dangal, C. Zhang, J. Yang, B. Tao, Z. Ouyang, X. Wang, C. Lu, W. Ren, K. Banger, Q. Yang, B. Zhang, and X. Li. PLOS One. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0112810


Net Greenhouse Gas Balance in Response to Nitrogen Enrichment: Perspectives from a Coupled Biogeochemical Model.

Lu, C., and Tian, H. Global Change Biology, 19, 571-588. Doi:10.1111/gcb.12049


Effect of continued nitrogen enrichment on greenhouse gas emissions from a wetland ecosystem in the Sanjiang Plain, Northeast China: a 5-year nitrogen addition experiment.

Song, C.C., L.L. Wang, H.Q. Tian, D.Y. Liu, C. Lu, X.F. Xu, L. Zhang, G.S. Yang, and Z.M. Wan. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 118, 741-751, doi:10.1002/jgrg.20063.


Overview of the Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia Data Model Intercomparison Project (LBA-DMIP).

de Goncalves, L.G.G., J.S. Borak, M.H. Costa, S.R. Saleska, I. Baker, N. Restrepo-Coupe, M.N. Muza, B. Poulter, H. Verbeeck, J.B. Fisher, M.A. Arain, P. Arkin, B.P. Cestaro, B. Christoffersen, D. Galbraith, X. Guan, B. van den Hurk, K. Ichii, H.M.A. Imbuzeiro, A. Jain, N. Levine, C. Lu, G. Miguez-Macho, D.R. Roberti, A. Sahoo, K. Sakaguchi, K. Schaefer, M. Shi, W.J. Shuttleworth, H. Tian, Z.-L. Yang, and X. Zeng. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 182-183, 111-127.


The North American Carbon Program Multi-Scale Synthesis and Terrestrial Model Intercomparison Project: Part I - Overview and Experimental Design.

Huntzinger, D.N., C.R. Schwalm, A.M. Michalak, K. Schaefer, A.W. King, Y. Wei, A. Jacobson, S. Li, R.B. Cook, W.M. Post, G. Berthier, D.J. Hayes, M. Huang, A. Ito, C. Lu, J. Mao, C.H. Peng, S. Peng, B. Poulter, D. Ricciuto, X. Shi, H. Tian, W. Wang, N. Zeng, F. Zhao, and Q. Zhu. Geoscientific Model Development, 6, 2121-2133.


Effects of nitrogen deposition on carbon fluxes and carbon storage in terrestrial ecosystems of China: from 1901 to 2005.

Lu, C., H. Tian, M. Liu, W. Ren, X. Xu, G. Chen and C. Zhang. Ecological Applications 22, 53-75.


Food benefit and climate warming potential of nitrogen fertilizer uses in China.

Tian, H., C. Lu, J. Melillo, W. Ren, Y. Huang, X. Xu, M. Liu, C. Zhang, G. Chen, S. Pan, J. Liu, and J. Reilly. Environmental Research Letters 7, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/7/4/044020


Contemporary and projected biogenic fluxes of methane and nitrous oxide in terrestrial ecosystems of North America.

Tian, H., C. Lu, G. Chen, B. Tao, S. Pan, S. Del Grosso, X. Xu, L. Bruhwiler, S. Wofsy, E. Kort, and S. Prior. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10, 528—536, doi: 10.2890/120057


Do Nitrogen Fertilizers Stimulate or Inhibit Methane Emissions from Rice Fields?

Banger, K., H. Tian, C. Lu. Global Change Biology, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02762.x


Spatial and Temporal Variations of Evapotranspiration and Runoff and in the Eastern China in the Context of Multiple Environment Stresses.

Liu, M., H. Tian, C. Lu, X. Xu, G. Chen, W. Ren. Journal of Hydrology 426-427, 39-54


Effects of elevated carbon dioxide and increased temperature on methane and nitrous oxide fluxes: evidence from field experiments.

Dijkstra, F., S. Prior, B. Runion, A. Torbert, H. Tian, C. Lu and R. T. Venterea. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10, 520-527, doi: 10.1890/120059


Terrestrial carbon balance in tropical Asia: contribution from cropland expansion and land management.

Tao, B., H. Tian, G. Chen, W. Ren, C. Lu, K. D. Alley, X. Xu, M. Liu, S. Pan and H.Virj. Global and Planetary Change 100, 85-98


Net exchanges of CO2, CH4 and N2O between marshland and the atmosphere in Northeast China as influenced by multiple global environmental changes.

Wang, L., H. Tian, C. Song, X. Xu, G. Chen, W. Ren, C. Lu. Atmospheric Environment 63, 77-85


Century- scale response of ecosystem carbon storage and flux to multifactorial global change in the Southern United States.

Tian, H., G. Chen, C. Zhang, M. Liu, G. Sun, A. Chappelka, W. Ren, X. Xu, C. Lu, S. Pan, H. Chen, D. Hui, S. McNulty, G. Lockaby and E. Vance. Ecosystems, doi: 10.1007/s10021-012-9539-x


Impacts of Urbanization on Carbon Balance in Terrestrial Ecosystems of the Southern United States.

Zhang, C., H. Tian, G. Chen, A. Chappelka, X. Xu, W. Ren, D. Hui, M. Liu, C. Lu, S. Pan, G. Lockaby. Environmental Pollution, 164, 89-101. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2012.01.020


Multiple-factor controls on terrestrial N2O flux over North America.

Xu, X., H. Tian, G. Chen, M. Liu, W. Ren, C. Lu and C. Zhang. Biogeosciences 9, 1351-1366


Climate and land use controls over terrestrial water use efficiency in monsoon Asia.

Tian H., C. Lu, G. Chen, X. Xu, M. Liu, W. Ren, B. Tao, G. Sun, S. Pan, J. Liu. Ecohydrology, 4, 322-340


China’s terrestrial carbon balance: Contributions from multiple global change factors.

Tian, H., J. Melillo, C. Lu, D. Kicklighter, M.L. Liu, W. Ren, X.F. Xu, G.S. Chen, C. Zhang, S.F. Pan, J.Y. Liu, and S. Running. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, GB1007, doi:10.1029/2010GB003838 


Net exchanges of CO2, CH4, and N2O between China's terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere and their contributions to global climate warming.

Tian H., X. Xu, C. Lu, M. Liu, W. Ren, G. Chen, J. Melillo, J. Liu. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, G02011, doi:10.1029/2010JG001393


Spatial and temporal patterns of CO2 and CH4 fluxes in China’s Croplands in response to multifactor environmental changes,

Ren, W., H. Tian, X. Xu, M. Liu, C. Lu, G. Chen, J. Melillo, J. Reilly and J. Liu,Tellus B. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0889.2010.00522.x


Impacts of ozone pollution and climate change on net primary productivity and carbon storage of China’s forest ecosystems as assessed by using a process-based ecosystem model.

Ren, W., H. Tian, B. Tao, A. Chappelka, G. Sun, C. Lu, M. Liu, G. Chen and X. Xu. Global Ecology and Biogeography, doi: 10.1111/j.1466-8283.2010.00606.x


Model estimates of net primary productivity, evapotranspiration, and water use efficiency in the terrestrial ecosystems of the southern United States during 1895-2007.

Tian, H., G. Chen, M. Liu, C. Zhang, G. Sun, C. Lu, X. Xu, W. Ren, S. Pan and A. Chappelka. Forest Ecology and Management, doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2009.10.009


Attribution of spatial and temporal variations in terrestrial methane flux over North America.

Xu, X., H. Tian, C. Zhang, M. Liu, W. Ren, G. Chen, and C. Lu. Biogeosciences 7: 5383-5428. doi:10.5194/bgd-7-1-2010.


Spatial and temporal patterns of CH4 and N2O fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems of North America during 1979—2008: application of a global biogeochemistry model

Tian, HQ, X. Xu, M. Liu, W. Ren, C. Zhang, G. Chen, and C. Lu. Biogeosciences 7, 2673-2694.


The dynamic land ecosystem model (DLEM) for simulating terrestrial processes and interactions in the context of multifactor global change.

Tian, H., M. Liu, C. Zhang, W. Ren, X. Xu, G. Chen, C. Lu and B. Tao. Acta Geographical Science, 65(9), 1027-1047.

Before 2011

Spatial and temporal patterns of nitrogen deposition in China: Synthesis of observational data

Lu, C., and H. Tian. Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, D22S05, doi:10.1029/ 2006JD007990.


Ecological effects of increased nitrogen deposition in terrestrial ecosystems.

Lu, C., H. Tian, and Y. Huang. Journal of Plant Ecology 31:205-218

A review of the distribution patterns of carbon density in terrestrial ecosystems.

Lu, C., and S. Sun. Journal of Plant Ecology 28: 692-703.


Function assessment and ecological controls on alien species cordgrass.

Sun, S.C., X.B. Zhu, and C. Lu. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 23(3): 93-98.

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